Bed Bug Life Cycle & General Information.
Bed bugs are wingless and travel from place to place by crawling in clothing, luggage, or similar transport. Infestations are found more in the high-density area and turnover of individuals. They are usually found in bedrooms and feed at night while people sleeping. After feeding they hide in cracks and crevices and dark areas around the room.
Bedbugs are reddish-brown in color and turning dark brown after feeding. Adult bed bugs can be up to 5mm long and pass through 5 stages called a nymph. Female bed bugs lay eggs in batches of 10 to 50 which are white in color and attached to any surface like a thin glue. They take 10 days on average to hatch and can mature into adults within 1 to 2 months.
Then female bedbugs get ready to lay eggs. Food and temperature are very much impacting their development. They live comfortably in temperatures between 9 to 36-degree centigrade. While the temperature drops below 9-degree centigrade or rises above 36-degree centigrade they will start to die.
Bedbugs can live without food for up to 140 days and usually survive about 10 months. But at a cool temperature, they can survive for a year or more. Their eggs remain undeveloped for up to one year and then hatch in the proper environment. Thus it becomes difficult to exterminate bedbugs quickly and permanently.
Bed Bug Life Cycle
There are 5 nymph stages from eggs to adults. To change each stage they need a meal of blood. Eggs look white and 1.5 mm long. The 1st stage nymph is 2 mm long and almost transparent until taking their meal.
The second stage nymph is 2.5 mm long, third stage 3 mm, fourth stage 3.5 mm, the fifth stage is 4.5 mm. Finally, they reach maturity and end the life cycle. Remember, the female is larger than the male in all stages of life. Females can be up to 5 mm long where the male is 4.5 mm. Exceptionally sometimes we found giant bed bugs that are 2 or 3 times more than the usual size.